Welcome to the discussion on the topic of cow fattening food list. Cow fattening food list or feed formulation is very challenging. Dear Farmer Brother, You will surely agree with me that without proper food management it is not possible to make a profit on a cow fattening farm.
Because the sector that spends the most on a farm is food management. On top of that, the market price of beef is low and the market price of beef is high. In such a situation, if we do not adopt cost effective feeding policy, there is a definite loss.
And so you need to have the right idea about the nutritional value and price of all the ingredients in your cow fattening food list as well as be familiar with modern technology and innovation. Only then can you provide cost effective feed i.e. the best quality cow fattening food at the lowest cost.
Cattle fattening feed list
Maize, soybean meal, rice husk, wheat bran, rice husk, khail, kalai, pea, kheshari etc. are the main granular food items of our country. These are mixed with a variety of supplements, vitamins and minerals to make a balanced granular food. However, in making cow fattening food, more attention should be paid to the quality of food.
It remains to be seen whether the amount of protein, fat, carbohydrates, etc. in the diet is being supplied through the diet according to the demand. Cow fattening Feed Regular feeding of fattening cows makes it possible to get the expected yield.
Cow fattening food list or formulation
Formulation for making fattening food for every 100 kg cow is given-
35 kg of broken corn
15 kg of broken wheat
Soybean bag 20 kg
Rice bran / Reich bran 25 kg
Limestone 1 kg
DCP / MCP 500 gms
Salt 2 kg
Vitamin-Mineral Premix 150 g
500 g of sodium bi-carbonate
Enzyme 50 g
Table- Formulation of cow fattening food
Cow fattening feeding method
Balanced cow fattening like quantity for cattle is most important in cattle fattening project. The list of foods should contain more carbohydrates, proteins, fats and vitamins than minerals. Plenty of tubewells need to be supplied with fresh water.
The most readily available and common food for cattle in our country is straw, which is in dire need of carbs, sugars and nutrients. So the straw has to be processed and fed by urea and molasses (chitagur).
At the same time balanced granular food should be provided.
40-50% of the total food requirement should be given to granular and 50-60% of fiber food such as straw, grass etc.
Silage or UMS or fermented corn should be fed.
The same type of food should be consumed at the same time every day. Which cannot be changed while feeding and feeding.
Food should be fresh and dust free.
Food should be easy to digest.
First you have to take corn powder which will be a little thicker if it is like semolina grains. Corn powder should be mixed with enough water. Now mix 1 teaspoon of chitagur or molasses in a cup or glass of lukewarm water. Then pour 1 teaspoon of bakery yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in a cup of chitagur mixed water and mix well.
After that you have to wait for 10-15 minutes. Dry yeast will swell live in cup water. The yeast mixed in this cup of water should be mixed well with the pre-mixed maize powder.
Leave this yeast mixed corn powder in a bucket or container to keep it airtight for only 8-10 hours. Once the yeast has formed, the yeast fermented corn should be mixed with cow dung and straw or grass.
Urea molasses straw or UMS
Urea molasses straw or UMS spelling is a very simple method. Cow fattening food is popular all over the world. It requires three ingredients to make it: straw, chitagur and urea. Normal hay has very low nutritional value so cows are fattened quickly by feeding by making IMS to increase the hay bale quality and the feed cost is much less later. It is made by mixing 100 kg dry straw, 50 kg pure water, 25 kg chitagur and 3 kg urea fertilizer.
Urea molasses mineral block or UMMB
Urea molasses mineral block or UMMB is an easy solution for fattening cows. This block contains proteins and vitamin-minerals which directly help in the growth of beef. This fattening food is eaten by the cow by licking it and therefore the chances of urea toxicity in the cow are very low.
Ingredients required for making urea molasses mineral block or UMMB are: 3 kg of wheat bran, 8 kg of molasses or chitagur, 90 g of urea, 35 g of iodized salt, 500 g of table lime, vitamin mineral mixer and wood or iron. First, urea, salt, lime, cement, vitamin mineral mixer should be mixed well with chitagur.
The mixture is then mixed with wheat bran and other tools to form a solid wood or iron mold. These blocks are stored dry in the sun.
Use of urea directly in granular food
The protein quality of food can be increased by using urea in granular food. Cattle urea mixed food list of 100 kg body weight, ingredients and quantity-
Rice dry straw = 2 kg
Green grass = 2 kg (If there is no grass, 4 kg of straw should be used)
Granular food mix = 1.2-2.5 kg
Urea = 35 grams
Chitagura or Raab or Lali = 200-400 grams
Salt = 25 grams
Salt, urea, chitagur, rice straw, raw grass should be cut into small pieces and mixed together with the granular feed. This cow should be fed fattening food twice a day.
Fattened cow’s fibrous food
The fattening cow must be given adequate raffia or fibrous food as per its requirement. Some farmers think that it is possible to fatten cows quickly by eating less grass, weeds or raw grass and eating more granular food. But in fact it is not correct. Sometimes it is possible to apply a lot of medicine but it costs a lot more.
The four-chambered stomach of a cow is called rumen in English. And such animals are called ruminants. All the rumenants, that is, the rumen of the cow, have been made for fiber or raffia food. Cows or goats do not eat enough fibrous foods, which causes digestive problems in the rumen.
Lack of adequate fiber in the cow fattening diet causes the following problems.
Stomach acidity is created.
Decreased digestive capacity.
There is an aversion to food.
Cattle production decreases.